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Basilica

The Romans called their large halls basilicas whether they were used for justice, commerce or exchange. These were largely rectangular. Early Christians developed a basilica plan with a central nave and side aisles as in Ravenna. Ornate Byzantine basilicas like Hagia Sophia were extensions of this plan. Medieval Basilicas had two sets of side aisles. None had crossings. Baroque basilicas can extend quite high vertically and have much adornment.

   
       

Basilica Julia - Via Sacra - Rome

Built by Julius ceasar - 54 BC

Cathedral - Syracusa Italy

Temple of Minerva 450 BC
Basilica 700
Baroque façade 1750

 
   
   
Sant 'Apollinaire in Classe
 
 
Sant 'Apollinaire in Classe - Italy
 
Sant 'Apollinaire plan
 
 
   
   
San Miniato - Florence - Italy
 
 
Basic Medieval Basilica elevation scheme
 
Silvicane - France
 
 
   
   
Hagia Sophia - Istanbul - Turkey
 
 
Byzantine - Hagia Sophia - Istanbul
 
Interior - Hagia Sophia
 
       
 
London - England
 
L'Aquila - Italy
 
St. Peter's - Rome - Italy