Ontario Architecture
home History Building Styles Building Terms Materials Search


The Romans called their large halls basilicas whether they were used for justice, commerce or exchange. These were largely rectangular. Early Christians developed a basilica plan with a central nave and side aisles as in Ravenna. Ornate Byzantine basilicas like Hagia Sophia were extensions of this plan. Medieval Basilicas had two sets of side aisles. None had crossings. Baroque basilicas can extend quite high vertically and have much adornment.


Basilica Julia - Via Sacra - Rome

Built by Julius ceasar - 54 BC

Cathedral - Syracusa Italy

Temple of Minerva 450 BC
Basilica 700
Baroque façade 1750

Sant 'Apollinaire in Classe
Sant 'Apollinaire in Classe - Italy
Sant 'Apollinaire plan
San Miniato - Florence - Italy
Basic Medieval Basilica elevation scheme
Silvicane - France
Hagia Sophia - Istanbul - Turkey
Byzantine - Hagia Sophia - Istanbul
Interior - Hagia Sophia
London - England
L'Aquila - Italy
St. Peter's - Rome - Italy