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Engaged Column

Columns were initially created to support a roof and porch structure. Originally they were free standing. Over time, builders began to build the walls between the columns so that the columns were part of the wall itself. These are called engaged columns. Engaged columns and colonettes can be either structural or decorative.

   
 
Topkapi Palace - Istanbul - Turkey (1500)
   
Château de Blois - France (1500)
 
       
 
Hadrian's Villa - Italy (126 A.D.)
 
L'Aquila - Italy
 
Siena - Italy
 
       
 
Palladio - Loggia del Capitaniato - Vicenza - Italy (1580)
 
Palatine - Rome - Italy (1st century B.C.)
 
St. Peter's - Rome - Italy